Black Power, Yellow Power, and the Making of Revolutionary Identities
How the image of the militant guerilla helped and hindered aims of African American and Asian American power movements
Images of upraised fists, afros, and dashikis have long dominated the collective memory of Black Power and its proponents. The “guerilla” figure—taking the form of the black-leather-clad revolutionary within the Black Panther Party—has become an iconic trope in American popular culture. That politically radical figure, however, has been shaped as much by Asian American cultural discourse as by African American political ideology. From the Asian-African Conference held in April of 1955 in Bandung, Indonesia, onward to the present, Afro-Asian political collaboration has been active and influential.
In Black Power, Yellow Power, and the Making of Revolutionary Identities, author Rychetta Watkins uses the guerilla figure as a point of departure and shows how the trope's rhetoric animates discourses of representation and identity in African American and Asian American literature and culture. In doing so, she examines the notion of “Power,” in terms of ethnic political identity, and explores collaborating—and sometimes competing—ethnic interests that have drawn ideas from the concept. The project brings together a range of texts—editorial cartoons, newspaper articles, novels, visual propaganda, and essays—that illustrate the emergence of this subjectivity in Asian American and African American cultural productions during the Power period, roughly 1966 through 1981. After a case study of the cultural politics of academic anthologies and the cooperation between Frank Chin and Ishmael Reed, the volume culminates with analyses of this trope in Sam Greenlee's The Spook Who Sat by the Door, Alice Walker's Meridian, and John Okada's No No Boy.
"This spirited book traces important footsteps left by black and Asian writers, radicals and cultural workers bound by common dreams of change and revolution. Rychetta Watkins forges a stirring mode of guerilla scholarship to remind us of how the battle for power on the streets of the 1960s changed the university forever. "- Bill V. Mullen, coeditor (with Cathryn Watson) of W. E. B. Du Bois on Asia: Crossing the World Color Line
"Rychetta Watkins's book qualifies as a must-read for anyone interested in the rich history of Afro-Asian political and cultural formations. She offers a highly persuasive account of how the revolutionary thought of Fanon and Mao was taken up by African American and Asian American activists and writers in the 1960s and 1970s. She cogently conveys the formidable vision of social change that advocates of Black and Yellow Power promoted—a vision that remains, she eloquently argues, as relevant today as when it emerged. "- Daniel Y. Kim, author of Writing Manhood in Black and Yellow: Ralph Ellison, Frank Chin, and the Literary Politics of Identity