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The Black Carib Wars - Freedom, Survival, and the Making of the Garifuna

The Black Carib Wars

Freedom, Survival, and the Making of the Garifuna

By Christopher Taylor
Series: Caribbean Studies Series
Paperback : 9781496809568, 216 pages, May 2016
Hardcover : 9781617033100, 224 pages, April 2012

The most detailed history of the Black Caribs of St Vincent

Description

In The Black Carib Wars, Christopher Taylor offers the most thoroughly researched history of the struggle of the Garifuna people to preserve their freedom on the island of St. Vincent.

Today, thousands of Garifuna people live in Honduras, Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua and the United States, preserving their unique culture and speaking a language that directly descends from that spoken in the Caribbean at the time of Columbus. All trace their origins back to St. Vincent where their ancestors were native Carib Indians and shipwrecked or runaway West African slaves—hence the name by which they were known to French and British colonialists: Black Caribs.

In the 1600s they encountered Europeans as adversaries and allies. But from the early 1700s, white people, particularly the French, began to settle on St. Vincent. The treaty of Paris in 1763 handed the island to the British who wanted the Black Caribs' land to grow sugar. Conflict was inevitable, and in a series of bloody wars punctuated by uneasy peace the Black Caribs took on the might of the British Empire. Over decades leaders such as Tourouya, Bigot, and Chatoyer organized the resistance of a society which had no central authority but united against the external threat. Finally, abandoned by their French allies, they were defeated, and the survivors deported to Central America in 1797.

The Black Carib Wars draws on extensive research in Britain, France, and St. Vincent to offer a compelling narrative of the formative years of the Garifuna people.

Reviews

"The Black Carib Wars is both engagingly written and extremely well-researched. The 'Black Carib' story is a fascinating one, and Taylor keeps a nice sense of narrative control, with just enough detail. At the same time the book offers the fullest historical account of Vincentian history during the eighteenth century, based on archival sources that no one else has accessed. A terrific achievement and a scholarly volume that all subsequent researchers will need to pay attention to. "

- Peter Hulme, author of Remnants of Conquest: The Island Caribs and Their Visitors, 1877-1998 and Cuba's Wild East: A Literary Geography of Oriente