Your cart is empty.
From Gum Wrappers to Richie Rich - The Materiality of Cheap Comics

From Gum Wrappers to Richie Rich

The Materiality of Cheap Comics

By Neale Barnholden
Hardcover : 9781496851611, 184 pages, 9 b&w illustrations, June 2024
Paperback : 9781496851628, 184 pages, 9 b&w illustrations, June 2024

Table of contents

Introduction: Comics and Books
Chapter 1: Back to “Back to the Klondike”: Book History and Cultural Salvage
Chapter 2: “I Will Give You Bodies beyond Your Wildest Imaginings”: Watchmen and the Editorial Construction of Value
Chapter 3: Money, Money, Money: Reading Ri¢hie Ri¢h
Chapter 4: Trash Culture: Dubble Bubble Funnies and the Theory of Premium Comics
Epilogue: Comic Books and Their Readers
Works Cited

A fascinating dive into the understudied material history of comics


Between the 1930s and the invention of the internet, American comics reached readers in a few distinct physical forms: the familiar monthly stapled pamphlet, the newspaper comics section, bubblegum wrappers, and bound books. From Gum Wrappers to Richie Rich: The Materiality of Cheap Comics places the history of four representative comics—Watchmen, Uncle Scrooge, Richie Rich, and Fleer Funnies—in the larger contexts of book history, children’s culture, and consumerism to understand the roles that comics have played as very specific kinds of books. While comics have received increasing amounts of scholarly attention over the past several decades, their material form is a neglected aspect of how creators, corporations, and readers have constructed meaning inside and around narratives.

Neale Barnholden traces the unusual and surprising histories of comics ranging from the most acclaimed works to literal garbage, analyzing how the physical objects containing comics change the meaning of those comics. For example, Carl Barks’s Uncle Scrooge comics were gradually salvaged by a fan-driven project, an evolution that is evident when considering their increasingly expensive forms. Similarly, Watchmen has been physically made into the epitome of “prestigious graphic novel” by the DC Comics corporation. On the other hand, Harvey Comics’ Richie Rich is typically misunderstood as a result of its own branding, while Fleer Funnies uses its inextricable association with bubblegum to offer unexpectedly sophisticated meanings. Examining the bibliographical histories of each title, Barnholden demonstrates how the materiality of consumer culture suggests meanings to comics texts beyond the narratives.


"Through brilliant close readings of a diverse range of comics, Barnholden advances the discourse on comics and materiality and expands our understanding of what comics and book history can bring to each other."

- Aaron Kashtan, author of Between Pen and Pixel: Comics, Materiality, and the Book of the Future