Big Jim Eastland
The Godfather of Mississippi
The biography of a powerful Mississippi senator rife with contradictions
For decades after the Second World War, Senator James O. Eastland (1904–1986) was one of the more intransigent leaders of the Deep South's resistance to what he called “the Second Reconstruction. ” And yet he developed, late in his life, a very real friendship with state NAACP chair Aaron Henry. Big Jim Eastland provides the life story of this savvy, unpredictable powerhouse.
From 1947 to 1978, Eastland wore that image of resistance proudly, even while recognizing from the beginning his was the losing side. Biographer J. Lee Annis Jr. chronicles such complexities extensively and also delves into many facets lesser known to the general public.
Born in the Mississippi Delta as part of the elite planter class, Eastland was appointed to the US Senate in 1941 by Democratic Governor Paul B. Johnson Sr. Eastland ran for and won the Senate seat outright in 1942 and served in the Senate from 1943 until his retirement in 1978.
A blunt man of few words but many contradictions, Eastland was an important player in Washington, from his initial stint in 1941 where he rapidly salvaged several key local projects from bungling intervention, to the 1970s when he shepherded the Supreme Court nominees of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford to Senate confirmation. Annis paints a full picture of the man, describing the objections Eastland raised to civil rights proposals and the eventual accommodations he needed to accept after the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
"James Eastland was one of the most influential and enigmatic figures in twentieth-century southern politics. Lee Annis's deeply researched book sheds important light not only on Eastland himself, but also on the history of civil rights conflict, Cold War politics, and the US Senate. "- Joseph Crespino, Jimmy Carter Professor of American History at Emory University and author of Strom Thurmond's America
"A complex southern statesman with a reputation as a blunt dealmaker, Jim Eastland's larger-than-life persona is masterfully captured in this comprehensive biography by Lee Annis. Filled with intimate quotes and stories, this book is a vivid exploration of Eastland's legacy, from which there is much to be learned. "- William H. Frist, MD, former Tennessee senator
"Big Jim Eastland is a must-read for those interested in the history of civil rights and the Congress through the career of a one-time segregationist senator. As Judiciary Committee chairman and Senate pro tem, Eastland knew power and how to work both sides to get it. Known not only for his ever-present Havana cigar, he was a listener who valued loyalty and maintained close relationships with LBJ and Nixon. Lee Annis's research and writing make this book a compelling and enjoyable journey. "- Connie Morella, former Maryland congresswoman and US ambassador