Mulata Nation
Visualizing Race and Gender in Cuba

By Alison Fraunhar

248 pages (approx.), 6 x 9 inches, 58 color illustrations

9781496814432 Printed casebinding $70.00S

Printed casebinding, $70.00

A vivid exploration of the key role played by multi-racial women in visualizing and performing Cuban identity

Repeatedly and powerfully throughout Cuban history, the mulata, a woman of mixed racial identity, features prominently in Cuban visual and performative culture. Tracing the figure, Alison Fraunhar looks at the representation and performance in both elite and popular culture. She also tracks how characteristics associated with these women have accrued across the Atlantic world. Widely understood to embody the bridge between European subject and African other, the mulata contains the sensuality attributed to Africans in a body more closely resembling the European ideal of beauty.

This symbol bears far-reaching implications, with shifting, contradictory cultural meanings in Cuba. Fraunhar explores these complex paradigms, how, why, and for whom the image was useful, and how it was both subverted and asserted from the colonial period to the present. From the early seventeenth century through Cuban independence in 1899 up to the late revolutionary era, Fraunhar illustrates the ambiguous figure's role in nationhood, citizenship, and commercialism. She analyzes images including key examples of nineteenth-century graphic arts, avant-garde painting and magazine covers of the Republican era, cabaret and film performance, and contemporary iterations of gender.

Fraunhar's study stands out for attending to the phenomenon of mulataje not only in elite production such as painting, but also in popular forms: popular theater, print culture, later films, and other media where stereotypes take hold. Indeed, in contemporary Cuba, mulataje remains a popular theme with Cubans as well as foreigners in drag shows, reflecting queerness in visual culture.

Alison Fraunhar, Chicago, Illinois, is associate professor of art and design at Saint Xavier University. She has published many articles on Cuban art in such publications as Women's Art Journal; Emergences: Journal for the Study of Media & Composite Cultures; Latin American Cinema: Essays on Modernity, Gender and National Identity; and Hispanic Research Journal.

248 pages (approx.), 6 x 9 inches, 58 color illustrations